Exhibitions exploring how artists and designers are using their work as a form of political protest have become commonplace over the last few years. Many have even resulted in their own controversies, such as the Design Museum’s Hope to Nope, which saw several designers pull their work from the show before its closing date, after the museum hosted an event by a private arms company.
Art and Witness, taking place in a gallery in New York, is yet another show to delve into the fascinating topic of how illustration and graphics can be used as medium to express outrage at hypocrisy, prejudice and the establishment, and act as a call for social justice.
The display at New York’s School of Visual Arts (SVA) Chelsea Gallery presents more than 200 works by 53 artists, who have used satire to address politically charged issues that are relevant today.
Featuring illustrations, political cartoons, animations, sculptures and videos, the gallery responds to events from the past two years, relating to the tenure of Donald Trump.
Works comment on his presidency and respond to a number of concurrent social movements such as #MeToo (the social media campaign against sexual harassment), #BlackLivesMatter (a campaign against racism) and #NeverAgain, which calls for tighter gun controls in the light of recent school shootings. It also explores issues such as immigration and the opioid crisis.
Director of SVA Galleries, Francis Di Tommaso, has co-curated Art as Witness alongside illustrator, caricaturist and SVA faculty member, Steve Brodner.
Di Tommaso says the aim of the show is for “imagery to provoke thought”, and ultimately spark the determination in people “to do the only thing that truly counts: vote”, as midterm elections approach. It also offers a platform for political graphic artists to show their work.
Di Tommaso says: “The importance of this art ultimately will depend on how many viewers it affects. To that end, we’ve done our best to present works in various ways to catch the attention of viewers and stimulate reflection.”
One installation sees a video monitor placed behind a newsstand counter where a seller would stand. It shows a photo of Russian president Vladimir Putin merging with one of Trump, created by Nancy Burson.
“The obvious irony is that these two men ‘selling’ the news, detest the media and constantly disparage it as the source of ‘fake news’,” Di Tommaso adds.
Trump features heavily in the exhibition. Highlights include a large print of a painting by Tim O’Brien of a supersized Trump leaning on the Washington monument and sending tweets, while the sculpture struggles to take his weight.
Another cartoon features a “caution” sign with a silhouette of a figure resembling Trump snatching a child who is reaching out for two adult figures who are running away. The piece is called “Immigrant Children”, by Rob Rogers.
Other images include a graphic print of the word “Think” set in all-capitals, black and white – which at a closer look actually says: “I don’t even think of you as black”, designed by Gail Anderson.
Another highlight is a New Yorker cover called “Yearning to Breathe Free” by Barry Blitt, which features an illustration of scared-looking children peeking out from behind the Statue of Liberty.
Also on display are Milton Glaser’s call-to-action SVA subway posters, which previously appeared in London’s Design Museum’s “Hope To Nope” exhibition.
As well as illustration prints, comic strips and posters, Di Tommaso says: “There is a good number of works appearing on the covers of magazines and newspapers, shown on a newsstand fabricated for the exhibition, along with a number of preparatory sketches.
“There are several animations and videos, as well as a sculpture, a wall hanging and a satirical logo by Milton Glaser for the President’s proposed Space Force.”
The SVA venue is particularly fitting for the event, according to organisers, as it began as a school for cartoonists and illustrators which encouraged students to be socially aware in their work and it maintains this belief today.
Co-curator Steve Brodner, who has also contributed a work caricaturing Trump and his entourage, says: “The long tradition of graphic commentary has seen us through the best and worst of times. The need for this collection has only grown with the increasing immensity of our national crisis.”
Art as Witness: Political Graphics 2016–18, runs until 3 November 2018 at SVA Chelsea Gallery, 15th floor, 601 West 26th Street, New York, US.