The design industry is difficult to get into for those from minority or low-income backgrounds, research has found, with over 40% of designers coming from well-off families.
The Panic! Social Class, Taste and Inequalities in the Creative Industries report has been produced by Create London, with research conducted by academics at the University of Edinburgh and University of Sheffield. The survey features roughly 2,500 respondents, alongside 240 interviews.
It looks at the make-up and diversity of the creative industries in the UK, including disciplines such as design, publishing, architecture, advertising and crafts.
The research has found that the creative industries are “exclusive”, with those from affluent social backgrounds “dominating” the sector, and women and ethnic minorities facing “barriers” to jobs.
7% are Black, Asian and minority ethnic
Within the design industry, which includes product, graphic and fashion, the research shows that less than a tenth – 7% – are Black, Asian and minority ethnic (BAME), while just under half – 48% – are women.
It also shows that 43% are from professional or affluent backgrounds, with their parents belonging to the two highest employment categories, as classified by the Office for National Statistics (ONS). One fifth of respondents’ parents – 19% – are in the three lowest employment categories.
41% complete unpaid internships
Additionally, it indicates that 41% of designers have completed unpaid internships at some point in their career. The report states that there is a “prevalence of unpaid labour” across the board in creative jobs, but that this is particularly high in design and advertising professions. It adds that this is a “significant barrier to some” for getting into and progressing in the creative industries.
The survey puts the “exclusivity” of creative jobs partly down to unpaid work but also references more “subtle” reasons, such as the “attitudes and tastes” of the sector.
The creative industries are the most liberal and left-wing of any UK industry, according to the report, and employees in the sector are more likely to attend arts and cultural activities, appearing to have different tastes from workers in other occupations.
Read the report in full here, and look out for more coverage on diversity in the design industry on Design Week in the coming weeks.