Typographic Specimens: how an explorer turned letterforms into animals

A new book details the musings and doodles of a make-believe 19th century explorer, who illustrated animals he saw on his journey out of letters, numbers and punctuation marks.

Hand-drawn typography and calligraphy are masterful skills in their own right – so the ability to turn letterforms into illustrated animals is particularly impressive.

Typographic Specimens: A Natural History of Letterforms is a new book published by Ammonite Press, which documents the illustrations of an imagined 19th century explorer and typography enthusiast.

The story goes that Reverend Jackson Whitehead was a Christian cleric who provided spiritual guidance for ship crews aboard the HMS Pica, which joined the HMS Beagle on its five-year expedition around the world from 1831-1836. Charles Darwin, who came up with the theory of evolution by natural selection, was famously one of the crew members on board the Beagle.

When Whitehead realised that most of the people on board were not receptive to his religious teachings, being either atheists or evolutionists, he turned his efforts towards drawing the strange and interesting creatures that he saw on his five-year journey. He used letterforms to illustrate the animals and insects he saw.

The story continues that in 2016, the intriguing trove of typographic illustrations was found hidden under the floorboards of Whitehead’s former house, along with a manuscript of his findings, by his great-great-grandson Andrew Bainbridge.

Bainbridge, who is a designer and graphic communications lecturer at the University of Central Lancashire, is behind the whole conceit and has brought the works of his “ancestor” to life digitally and compiled them in a book.

The book features 60 specimens, along with fabricated extracts from Whitehead’s journal, examples of his illustration process, and an adorable index at the back detailing each creature’s “typographic DNA” – that is, what letters, numbers and punctuation marks have been used to create each one.

As charming as a bee constructed out of “B’s” set in different weights and typefaces is, not all the creatures are as logical as this. Typographic Specimens also features now-extinct animals and mythical ones – a “bearded bamboozle”, anyone? – made up of all sorts of letterforms.

The works featured are a delightful and clever exploration of the versatility of type and optical illusion, and together they form part of a fascinating tale spun by Bainbridge.

Typographic Specimens: A Natural History of Letterforms is available to buy online and from selected bookshops for £9.99.

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  • Mark September 28, 2017 at 9:23 am

    Wow, these are fabulous. Could have been yesterday.

  • Jane Souyave September 28, 2017 at 5:14 pm

    Fantastic – a real Disciple of Reverend Jackson Whitehead. Looking forward to the exhibition – see you at the open evening of these wonderful creatures on 6 October.

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