Landmark Trunki ruling spells “uncertainty for designers”

The kids’ ride-on luggage brand Trunki has lost its appeal that similar brand Kiddee had copied the product, on the basis that design rights are “intended to protect designs not ideas”.

Trunki case © Magmatic Limited
Trunki case © Magmatic Limited

Children’s suitcase brand Trunki has lost its appeal against rival brand Kiddee, after the Supreme Court ruled that its design rights had not been infringed.

Trunki, owned by UK parent company Magmatic, and Kiddee, owned by Hong-Kong-based PMS International, are both suitcase brands that children can ride on, in the shape and style of animals.

Magmatic first sought damages against PMS International in 2013, alleging that Trunki’s design had been copied.

Kiddee case, © PMS International Limited
Kiddee case © PMS International Limited

Based on surface decoration, rather than shape

It was found that there had been infringement of Trunki’s designs, but this decision was then overturned.

Magmatic then appealed to the Supreme Court, but this appeal has now been dismissed.

The court came to its decision based on the surface decoration of both products being different, rather than the similarity of shapes of the two designs.

The Supreme Court ruled that while it had “sympathy for Magmatic”, and “the idea of the Trunki case was a clever one”, that “Design Right is intended to protect designs not ideas”.

For “the discount market”

While it dismissed the appeal, it also said in its judgement that “PMS conceived the idea of manufacturing a Kiddee Case as a result of seeing a Trunki, and discovering that a discount model was not available.”

Magmatic has been selling Trunki suitcases since 2004, after registering its designs in 2003.

PMS came up with the idea of Kiddee in 2013, as a “ride-on children’s suitcase for the discount market”.

“Uncertainty for designers”

Rob Law, founder at Trunki, says that the ruling brings a “huge wave of uncertainty to designers across Britain”.

“We created an original product in Trunki and protected it by computer generated registered design,” Law says. “This decision puts British designers at a distinct disadvantage from our European counterparts, whose courts have a far more robust approach to infringement.”

Consumer’s right to choose between products

But PMS International argues that Kiddee is filling a gap in the market by offering an alternative to its “expensive rival” Trunki, and that the ruling is a “victory for fair competition”.

Paul Beverley, founder at PMS International, says: “The court’s decision upholds the right of consumers to be able to choose competitively-priced products.”

He adds: “We are operating in very different markets from our rivals and we have never been competing for the same customer base.”

Scope of design registrations unclear

Georgie Collins, intellectual property specialist at law firm Irwin Mitchell, says: “This case shines the spotlight on the on-going battle between market-leading products borne out of creative design, and those who produce cheaper, competing products which are similar but not identical.”

“Today’s ruling will have far-reaching consequences for the design industry and will be seen as disastrous for those who have sought to protect their designs with Community Design Registrations, as the scope of protection is now called into question,” she says.

The case “creates confusion for designers”

Dids Macdonald, founder at ACID (Anti-Copying in Design), says that the organisation’s next steps will be to campaign to get “unfair competition” included within design infringement laws, which designers could fall back on if intellectual property laws fail them.

“The case has plunged design law into an abyss,” she says. “It has created confusion for designers. Why would someone bother registering designs, and spending £500,000 and a lot of time that could have been spent innovating?”

She adds: “If a company can use legal technicalities to produce remarkably similar lookalikes, it’s not worth registering designs in the first place.”

Macdonald suggests that designers “take serious advice” on the CAD drawings they submit for design registration. “What you submit is what you rely on, so you’ve got to make sure it’s right.”

“It’s very dispiriting, but we won’t stop here,” she adds. “We’re campaigning for clarity from registration authorities.”

Children using Trunki cases, © Magmatic Limited
Children using Trunki cases © Magmatic Limited
Line-up of Kiddee cases, © PMS International Limited
Line-up of Kiddee cases © PMS International Limited

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Hide Comments (4)Show Comments (4)
  • emma overeem March 10, 2016 at 10:55 am

    This is bad for designers, especially product designers. Not all designs/design elements are “patentable”… but the IDEA of something should be if no-one else is doing it. The idea is the essence, the foundation, if it can be protected it should be!! Really feel for Rob Law…all that hard work. Gone.

  • emma overeem March 10, 2016 at 10:56 am

    “Protecting designs not ideas”…how devaluing is that?? Making my blood boil!!

  • Jacob Antoni March 13, 2016 at 3:10 pm

    If we can copy everything, what about founding another “supreme court II” as an institution with common sense.

    These suitcases are constructed similar AND have the same concept AND similar colors/themes. Every single part is copied! How could they dismiss that. Shame on you!

  • William Fazakerly January 2, 2021 at 1:42 pm

    A ride on case should never have been allowed a patent in the first place. It is not an invention in any way, shape or form!

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